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Health Benefits of Brown Mustard

Health benefits of Brown mustard

Brassica juncea, commonly referred to as Brown mustard, Indian mustard, Leaf mustard and Chinese mustard is a variant species of mustard family. Like almost all other herbaceous plants, B. juncea is also an annually growing plant. It grows up to 1m tall or more. These herbs are found to be native to parts belonging to Russia to Central Asia. It a very low maintenance plant; requires less water and only plenty of sun light. This herb is used in different parts of Asia on a massive scale. Its sub-variety called ‘southern giant curled mustard’ has striking resemblance to a headless cabbage (eg. kale) and it also has a typical horseradish flavour. Hence, it is also known as ‘green mustard cabbage’. Ever heard of canola oil? Let’s see what Canola oil is and also some more very important uses of brown mustard!

Primary Use of this herb

Brown mustard oil finds place in African, Indian, Chinese, Japanese and Soul-food cuisines. Like mentioned above, brown mustard oil is nothing but canola oil! Mustard is added to butter for flavour. Mustard is also added to salad dressings, pickles, cheese dishes and vegetables.

Chemical And Nutrient Content in Brown mustard

The herb contains

  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin C
  • Carbohydrates
  • Protein
  • Fat/ Fatty oils
  • Thiamine
  • Niacin
  • Riboflavin
  • Iron
  • Calcium
  • Fibre
  • Ash
  • Ascorbic acid
  • Seed sterols
Also Read  Health Benefits of Safflower

Health Benefits of Brown mustard

  1. Brown mustard is used as a remedy in Bronchitis.

  2. Relieves muscular and skeletal pain

    Brown mustard seed oil stimulates circulation in the area of inflammation. This alleviates the muscular and skeletal pain like foot ache, arthritis, lumbago and rheumatism.

  3. Photo remediation

    The brown mustard plant is grown in soils with heavy metal content which has to be eradicated. Brown mustard plant has a high tolerance for these heavy metals. Hence, it grows on these heavy metals, pulls them out of the soil and stores it in itself. The plant is then harvested and disposed off with utmost care. This method to get rid of heavy metals from the soil is inexpensive and much more efficient compared to others.

  4. Used as a galactagogue in Africa

  5. In Java, the whole plant is used an anti-syphilitic agent.

  6. Mustard oil is also used for treatment of skin eruptions and skin ulcers.

  7. The Koreans use brown mustard seeds for treatment of abscesses and stomach disorders.

  8. Canola oil is also used to increase appetite.

  9. It has anti-septic and anti-inflammatory properties. This is one reason why brown mustard with a pinch of salt when used for a gargle can help cure dental infections and pyorrhoea.

  10. It is, in some parts of the world, also considered an aphrodisiac.

  11. The brown mustard leaves are also used in soups and other foods to cure bladder infection and haemorrhage.

  12. Brown mustard is also a diuretic.

How to Use

The different parts of the plant of Brown mustard used are as follows:

  • Leaves
  • Seeds
  • Swollen stem
  • Powdered seed oil
  • Seed residues
  • Roots, dried leaves and flowers
  • Whole plant

Parts of this plant can be utilized based on their requirements.


Brown mustard oil and allyl-isothiocynate produce adverse reactions which may cause lachrimation, neuroexcitation, hyperalgesia and inflammation. Pregnant ladies should regulate doses as approved by doctors. Heart patients should also receive only limited dosages of oil.

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